A Study of the Methodology of the Concept of Spirituality in Tourism According to Fuzzy Logic


1 University of mofid

2 Political Sciences, Political Sciences and International Relations, Razi University, Kermanshah



The Study of the concept of spirituality in tourism is not from among new study approaches, or a study of a particular kind of tourism or simply a religious perspective to tourism; rather it is an indicator of spiritual contents that today's tourism is submerged in, in order to discover and attain non-material values and the reality during the length of its journey. This research offers a new perspective in the study of the methodology of tourism studies with a descriptive-analytical approach, conjunctive view, while using library documentation and a review of theoretical foundations according to Fuzzy Logic methodology. The Fuzzy Logic theory possesses a more precise capacity to explain and analyze concepts and phenomena and also a spectral reading of phenomena; therefore, in order to more precisely and comprehensively understand reality, one must have a hierarchical view towards phenomena. With this approach, spirituality in tourism includes a great variety of concepts and elements, all of which are ambiguous and graded; similar to reasoning and probing, religious denomination and beliefs, mutual relations, quality of life and culture, the propositions of spirituality in tourism essentially possess Fuzzy and Spectral logic not only with Fuzzy Logic but because of the essential ambiguity that exists in concepts and elements because of their metaphysical aspect. Therefore, in the studies related to spirituality in tourism, this important issue must be afforded attention so that the great capacities of spirituality in tourism in the areas of knowledge and action can be correctly utilized.